The Economic Census is a complete count of all establishments located within the geographical boundary of India.
Economic Census provides disaggregated information on various operational and structural variables of all establishments of the country. It also provides valuable insights into geographical spread/clusters of economic activities, ownership patterns, persons engaged, etc. of all economic establishments in the country. All this information is very important for policymakers in the government at all levels for evolving policy interventions. It also provides an updated sampling frame for follow-up enterprise surveys undertaken for detailed and comprehensive analysis of all establishments in the country.
Why an Economic Census?
Economic Census gives a detailed account of the state of the economy, prospects and the policy challenges. It carries sectoral overviews and comments on reform measures that are required. The survey’s outlook serves as a marker about future policy moves. As such the Economic Census serves the following requirements:
History of the Economic Census:
In 1976, the Government of India launched a planning scheme called “Economic Census and Surveys”. In 1977 Central Statistical Organization conducted a first economic census in collaboration with the Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DES) in the States/Union Territories.
The economic censuses of 1980 and 1990 were integrated with the house listing operations of the population census. The data collected by the census organization were handed over to the state Directorates of Economics and Statistics for processing and publication.
All other economic censuses were conducted by the Directorates of Economics and Statistics of the states under the overall guidance of the Central Statistical Office (CSO)
The economic census data are available from 1990 to 2014 (Round 3 to 6) in CD/DVD form. These data can be downloaded in HTML, XML, doc, and pdf formats through the CD-Mirroring Platform.
One can download the data freely following link http://www.mospi.gov.in/
Note: Faculty and FPM scholar may copy the data in their hard disk after sign copyright declaration form