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Using Copyright and Licensed Content: Glossary


A collection of readings from a variety of sources, selected by the instructor(s) of an academic course of study to supplement or serve in place of a textbook. The readings are reproduced, usually by a college/university duplicating service or commercial photocopy shop 
Reading list
A list of recommended resources (books, articles, Web sites, etc.) on a topic, usually compiled by a teacher or librarian with an interest in or expertise on the subject, for distribution to students enrolled in a course of study or available to readers on a library display rack, kiosk, or bulletin board, not as comprehensive or scholarly as a research bibliography. Compare with Pathfinder and research guide.
In academic libraries, materials given a shorter loan period (one-hour, three-hour, overnight, three-day, etc.) for a limited period (usually one term or semester) at the request of the instructor, to ensure that all the students enrolled in a course have an opportunity to use them. Items on closed reserve must be used on library premises. Instructors sometimes put personal copies on reserve, usually at their own risk.
Fines charged for overdue reserve items are higher than for materials not on reserve to encourage prompt return. In some academic libraries, reserves are available electronically, usually as an option in the online catalog or through software accessible via the library's Web site. Synonymous with reserve collection and short loan collection. 
Open reserve - A reserve collection shelved in an open stack to afford library users unrestricted access. Compare with closed reserve.
Closed reserve - An item on reserve that may be checked out by a registered borrower but may not be removed from library premises. Also, a reserve collection shelved in a closed stack from which requested items must be retrieved by a member of the library staff. Compare with open reserve.
Browse-Wrap Agreements – Where the terms and conditions are available on a website, but the website design doesn’t force the user to go through them and indicate their acceptance of those terms.
Content sharing sited – Websites for sharing a whole range of content formats. This could, for example, be music, videos (e.g. You Tube), photographs (e.g. Photobucket, Flickr, Pinterest), or presentations (e.g. Slideshare).
Deep Links (as opposed to shallow links) – Links to pages within a website, where those pages are at a lower level within the hierarchical structure of the site than the home page. Following a deep link means that the user doesn’t have to navigate from the home page first.
Photostream – a link to a series of pictures, shown one after another at intervals.
Rental – defined in the Rental and Lending Directive (2006/115/EC) as making available for use for a limited period and direct or indirect economic or commercial advantage
Streaming – Commonly seen in the forms of audio and video streaming, this is the transfer of data in a real time over the Internet in a continuous stream


This resource pack has been created to provide general, practical guidance on copyright matters and cannot be relied upon as a comprehensive legal obligation of individuals on copyright nor a substitute for advice for particular cases or situations. Users are encouraged to seek help by sending an email to