It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
The Kyoto Protocol capped the emissions of the main emitters, the industrialized countries, one by one. It also created an innovative financial mechanism, the Carbon Market and its Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), which allows developing nations to receive carbon credits when they reduce their emissions below their baselines. The carbon market, an economic system that created a price for carbon for the first time, is now used in four continents, is promoted by the World Bank, and is recommended even by leading oil and gas companies. However, one critical problem for the future of the Kyoto Protocol is the continuing impasse between the rich and the poor nations.Who should reduce emissions -- the rich or the poor countries?
This book explores the impacts of tax policies in various economies around the world. It looks into both the effects on resource allocation (efficiency) and on the distribution of income and welfare. As such, this book deals with the classical model of public finance literature which has been in continuous discussion for over 200 years. The main distinction which sets this book apart from earlier literature is its emphasis on quantification using numerical simulation methods. This book brings together a number of papers which the author has published (some jointly) on the computation of general equilibrium in the practice of taxes.The aim of the book is to make these works accessible to both researchers and policy practitioners interested in results of national simulations and their policy implications. It sets out to analyze taxation systems in detail using both theoretical knowledge and applied methodology.
The Climate Change Encyclopedia is useful for climate change, our outstanding risk and survival issue, requiring action and providing opportunity. Primary-source expert authors write in a unique case-study structure that enables the Encyclopedia to be approachable, informational, and motivational for the public. The key focus areas are Climate Change and Finance, Economics, and Policy, with many other related climate categories included. The over 100 case studies provide realistic and interesting views of climate change, based on authors' published papers, reports, and books, plus climate-related activities of organizations, and selected topics. Authors are scientists, faith leaders, heads of organizations, business leaders, and many others.For more information on the list of contributors, please refer to https: //www.worldscientific.com/page/encyclopedia-of-climate-change.